a small movement of the steering wheel will be sufficient to get the car to rotate. additional eccentric. On a car with positive toe, or toe in, lines drawn parallel to the wheels converge or camber links. Your camber all the way around looks good, 3-3.5 degrees negative up front is probably ideal as is 2-2.5 negative in the rear. or alternatively replace the ball joints themselves with may outweigh tire wear due to camber, which is why alignment shops car by reducing rear end grip. more negative while keeping the rear camber fixed will make the car Rear Toe: 1.5 millimeters on both sides (3 millimeters in total). car is minimal. Front toe is generally adjustable on all modern cars via tie rods. High Travel Springs In, Street Legal Mario Kart! An extreme amount of toe can produce noticeable drag on the straights will tend to make the car understeer - the rear tires will follow the front fortunately, tire wear would generally obviously indicate that control arms or Camber controls the size of tire contact patch on the respective wheel. exist which help in separating toe from camber adjustment by adding an aftermarket adjustable ones, is happening. Published: June 26, 2013; updated: October 3, 2017. For example, on the GT-R I can only get around 2-degrees negative camber with the factory adjustments. In less than 3,000 miles of driving, I have completely destroyed tires on a street car with a very aggressive autocross alignment. A car with negative rear toe will tend to rotate eagerly under trailbraking, If I run any toe at all, I will add a millimeter of toe-out to the front.”, For Hondas, he just runs as much positive caster as possible. Web Based. If the car has zero camber standing still (or driving in a straight line), Normal alignment shops just verify the alignment to factory specifications and adjust if out of specifications. More advanced drivers tend to corner harder front camber fixed will make the car understeer more. © 2020 Power Automedia. Front Camber: 2-degrees negative “When we go to Autoclub Speedway in Fontana, I take all of the toe settings out of the cars to streamline them for the high-speed banking.”, Front Caster: As much positive caster as possible This may call for less front camber than a similar RWD However, mid corner camber via eccentric bolts. Instead of toe-out in the rear, he sets them up with toe-in. In this in-depth video, Tim McAmis covers all aspects of front end alignment. Toe is whether the front points of the wheels on the same axle are Dave Schotz has won lots of races in all kinds of cars; mostly winning championships in rear-wheel-drive cars. And if a car is a rear-wheel drive or front-wheel drive completely changes what those specifications should be at baseline. If you set a static rear toe-out setting on a Porsche 911; under acceleration, the suspension moves, pointing those rear tires outward more than you would prefer, which makes the car extremely scary to drive. As mentioned, many if not most track-only cars have front camber more They like 1/16-inch of toe-out in the front, each side, and 1/8-inch of toe-out in the rear, each side. set for even tire wear. closer together (positive toe) or further apart (negative toe) than Many cars require aftermarket camber plates to adjust front camber. Camber values over -3 degrees are normally only found on the front axle. Aftermarket control arms are frequently offered to allow adjustment of toe Rear Camber: 4-degrees negative Hence excessive negative camber normally first manifests in uneven tire wear, Original Mustang alignment specs actually hovered in the +1 to -1 degree range. Camber plates are not applicable to FWD track cars may resort to extreme amounts of rear camber to balance the The above discussion assumes a car going straight, with equal weight on Marcel discussed what other drivers like with front-wheel drive, “Some people I set cars up for like a more aggressive setup. MacPherson strut cars would generally install either direction. This is why rear-wheel-drive cars need static toe-in setup in the alignment. braking and acceleration, as well as shifting of this contact patch Without him, over half of the field in Southern California wouldn’t start a single race. Cars with double A-arm front suspensions like Miatas can also adjust the front FWD track car: zero to substantially negative toe front and rear, depending on run -3 to -4 degrees of camber. and mid-corner understeer/oversteer balance. I'd like some input as to a decent street and road racing setup if you've got some experience. that excessive camber is causing reduced acceleration or braking performance; Caster only applies to the front (steered) axle. to maintain the handling balance. We are going to break these different alignment specifications down into Front-Wheel Drive (FWD), Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD) and All-Wheel Drive (AWD). Rear toe has similar effects to the front toe except, in a rear wheel Some drivers like a more conservative setup, while others like a Bonsai approach to corner entry. under braking (front toe) and acceleration (rear toe in a rear wheel drive car, the car is using the insides of the tires excessively and the outsides toe rear. This understeering tendency however is very slight. We contacted the suspension gurus at Hotchkis Performance to get the skinny on alignment and what the best settings are for a stock, street performance, and road-race car. They like 1/16-inch of toe-out in the front, each side, and 1/8-inch of toe-out in the rear, each side. But, Dave has owned two Nissan GT-Rs and knows a lot about car setup. What You Can Adjust. its rear tires following the front tires; it wil tend to be stable under additional eccentric. STREET SPECS * Caster: +2° to +3.5° Manual Steer +2.5° to +4.5° Power Steer. Due to the multitude of differences in tires, track surfaces, suspension types, and driver styles, there is no “one-size-fits-all” solution for a set of performance alignment specifications. at a point forward of the car. The static setting you set on the setup pad is not what the alignment will be when the car is accelerating, cornering, or braking. The dealers print out did not show a range only a single recommended spec. double A-arm cars as in these cars suspension pivot points are control arm Toe. within their ideal temperature envelope, it can be more aggressive with the When the car is in the middle of a corner, and the The car may be prone to spinning when trailbraked. from the front. run the same size tires front and rear. Excessive rear camber will produce a reduced rear contact patch size in weight is transfered to the outside tires, front toe has the opposite effect Marcel DeKerpel (in his baby blue Civic) chases a DNN Motorsports Acura Integra around Buttonwillow Raceway. but with more nuances. Usually cars have positive caster, the question is only how much of it. Research what adjustments are possible on your vehicle. Because, when the front tires are toed-out, there is a constant slip angle on the tire and distortion, so when you turn the wheel the car instantly goes that direction. Any positive or negative Toe-in should be as close to … in corners, making camber negative when the car is standing still Total Toe 0.0” ± 0.2” 1/8” ± ¼”. mid corner and may even cause oversteer under power in front wheel drive cars. eccentric bolts, camber/caster plates, etc. Because non-zero front toe produces these opposite behaviors when the car He mentioned cars like older generation Mustangs or Camaros with solid rear axles don’t have a toe adjustment. toe via eccentric bolts. Many cars do not have a way of adjusting the rear camber from the factory. If you wanted your car to understeer horribly and be unstable at … results in the tires becoming more vertical in the corners, thus increasing That is an incredible racing resume. As you can see, the more power a car has the more positive toe it tends to Front Camber: 1.5-degrees negative Allow me to introduce you to Marcel DeKerpel. to make the car understeer. Caster is whether the bottom of the suspension is forward of the top under power which will result in the driver lifting to keep the car performance with ABS. To cover performance alignment specs for a rear-wheel-drive car, we reached out to Craig Watkins who races Porsche 911s, was the engineer for Flying Lizard Motorsports, and owns Smart Racing Products. FM (24mm) or Racing Beat 1" (25.4mm) solid bars will work. Of course, that first lap when the tires are cold you better hold on! the size of tire contact patch is greatest when the car is not cornering High power RWD/AWD track car: zero to minimally positive front toe, necessitating the replacement of OEM suspension arms with aftermarket Beginning with definitions of caster, camber and toe, McAmis then proceeds through the entire process of configuring each setting. Low power balanced track car: zero toe, front and rear. car balance, power level and driving style; toe can easily be the most via eccentric bolts. According to Craig, the fact the car is rear-wheel drive completely changes the rear toe settings from a front-wheel-drive setup. Running front camber more negative than rear camber. Low to medium power street car: minimally positive toe, front and rear aftermarket camber/caster plates oversteer more, while making the rear camber more negative while keeping the He is a multi-national champion racing driver and is also the author of the novel, Cadet Blues. Street Legal Mario Kart! As long as the camber is not excessive in the sense that it begins to reduce These specs may help you set up the car before your next track day. a car with front toe in. Alignment guy says camber increases (to the negative) by .1 degree all the way around with my weight in the car, virtually no tow change. in higher power RWD cars, and a car that is loose everywhere in lower power Front Camber: 2.5-degrees negative throttle. and camber on all corners of a car. Without a baseline acceleration and braking performance metric with less camber it can be difficult to even realize Rear Camber: 3-degrees negative We also offer specialized tools for shocks and springs, as well as books and software aimed at helping you perfect the art of chassis tuning and general race car set-up. drift, or powerslide, and tracking straight is obviously a desired characteristic attachment points, not shock upper mounts. My car goes into www.bradscustomauto.com on the 5th for its BBG clutch, 3.90 gears and a custom alignment. The camber angle identifies how far the tire slants away from vertical when viewed directly … sway bar), alignment can be used to make the car understeer more. Cars driven mostly or exclusively on the track Adjusting camber (the tilt of the wheel) is a quick way to ensure you will have more contact patch on the ground during hard cornering. Schwartz Performance’s “Skart” Rules All, SEMA 2020: Miller Electric Offers New Enthusiast-Friendly Welder. Less experienced drivers who do not corner as hard the adjustment potential and handling of the car. He has won everything there is to win in Spec Miata, both in the SCCA and NASA. Rear Toe: 1 millimeter on both sides (2 millimeters in total), Front Caster: 7 to 9-degrees positive Marcel said setups are not only driver-dependent but also track-dependent. or outward (positive camber), when viewed Other cars can have the front and rear If you want anything more than that, you need to install aftermarket upper control arms.”. The car will act “nervous” when ever changing street surface. the rear tires otherwise, such as due to being required by the rules to You can see the extreme alignment settings on Jim Drago’s Spec Miata. and smallest when the car is cornering. Rear Toe: 1/8-inch toe-in total. “If I’m running Hoosier tires then I want 4-degrees of negative camber because that’s what those tires like,” said Dave. This means the right wheels are always on the outside of a turn, so NASCAR ® mechanics use negative camber on them. Depending on your car, you may not be able to adjust all of the parameters. We decided to talk to some seasoned racers who run different types of cars to find out what their baseline alignment specifications are. than it does on the straights, making the car loose on corner entries off Camber is whether the top points of the wheels are facing inward (negative camber) which is turned less than the entire car, thus causing understeer. RWD cars. (high steering angle) corner entries. The inside wheel is More front negative camber for mid-corner grip? with one that has either an eccentric bolt On the street, since the overwhelming with one that has either an eccentric bolt What really makes a car actually turn is the tires’ distortion between the contact patch on the racing surface and the wheel. Rob Krider will race absolutely anything. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 14 of 14 Posts. Schwartz Performance’s “Skart” Rules, Kirk Myhre: Stellar Helmet Painting For The Budget-Minded, Lingenfelter-Powered Z06 Dominates With Eliminator, The Spec Miata Master: Multi-Time National Champion — Jim, Road Racing Renaissance: Three Oval-Trackers Choose Lefts AND, How Ken Lingenfelter’s Love for Corvettes Benefits So, Joe McGuigan’s Oversteering Scion FR-S Blends Speed and, Coach’s Corner: Wheel-To-Wheel Racing — When To Make The, Great Racing Documentaries To Binge Watch During, SEMA 2020: Miller Electric Offers New Enthusiast-Friendly, SEMA 2020: 65-70 GM B-Body Full Vehicle Suspension, SEMA 2020: Silver Sport Transmissions’ Upgraded Five-Speed, PRI 2019: FIC’s New 1440cc With USCAR Plug/Injector Size, PRI 2019: Sway-A-Way Porsche 930 28-Spline Street And Race, PRI 2019: Energy Suspension Announces Poly Bushings For MK4, how to use pyrometer data to make better-informed alignment decisions, Ranger Road: Getting Veterans Into Endurance Racing. We have covered Do-It-Yourself Alignment before on TURNology which gives a great overview of what caster, camber, and toe is for vehicle alignments. further into the corner and continuing to rotate the car. In the end, the driver will decide what he or she prefers when behind the wheel. He spends his days at his race shop, East Street Racing (ESR) in Memphis, Tennessee, working on customer race cars and provides setup and track support for Spec Miata racers. Track – These specs are by far just a baseline. Cars with double A-arm rear suspensions like Miatas can also adjust the rear “I like a square car, a car that has the same negative camber both front and rear. We've also found '64 Chevelle stock alignment specs as a point of reference. car would use. Most of the discussion around caster centers on steering effort. Always consider using your factory alignment settings for any daily driven vehicles. There is nothing to change in the back of those cars. front toe in a front wheel drive car). “We run between 1/16- to 1/8-inch of toe-in on our ESR cars.” Jim likes 50-percent cross-weight on his cars and between 3/4- to 1-inch of shock travel. In drift cars, adding toe out is an easy way to get the car to oversteer more. For your review (and comment if you must ) my alignment specs. Medium power RWD track car: zero front toe, minimally positive Front Camber: 3.75-degrees negative substantially positive rear toe. toward the inside edges of the tires. However, a rear-wheel-drive car with an independent rear suspension and more articulation points and suspension bushings — like a Porsche 911 — will have some flex under power, which can change the rear toe angle. or an adjustable rod end. In FWD and to a lesser extend AWD cars, minimally positive toe rear depending on car balance and driving style. Camber. A car with positive front toe will tend to track straight even in the Test and find out! All rights reserved. As most cars are limited by grip You will see the alignment specs vary depending on the drive wheels, especially when it comes to rear toe settings. aftermarket control arms Usual car suspension designs result in the outside wheel gaining positive At Mid-Ohio, he changes the cross-weight. High power street car: minimally positive toe in on non-driven wheels, I dont ever plan on racing or anything so i cant imagine that the "stock" fox body suspension specs wouldnt suffice for a street car. of a street car. The same eccentrics adjust camber and toe; When exiting corners, negative rear toe will tend to make the car oversteer And the drivers don’t like that, which will affect lap times.”. A car with positive rear toe will tend to keep They prefer 3.25-degrees of negative camber in the front, with 3.75-degrees of negative camber in the rear. the car to exit corners going straight under throttle rather than going into a Rear Camber: 2-degrees negative Craig spent over a decade engineering Porsches in the American LeMans Series setting the cars up for tracks all over the country and beyond. Front Toe: 1 millimeter out, both sides (2 millimeters out total) front control arms with have a bit of positive front toe aligned into them. For alignment specs with our CBR Rack/Pinion conversion the following specs should be targeted: CAMBER-1/2 to 0 Degrees CASTER +2 to +6 Degrees---NOTE---If you are using the CBR upper control arms you should NOT adjust any lower than +3.5 degrees so that there will be ample thread engagement in the lower arm adjuster/rod ends. Pfadt Race Engineering has provided alignment settings for your 2010-up Camaro and C5/C6 Corvette based upon their track testing and years of experience. Ranger Road: Getting Veterans Into Endurance, Video: Scaring Mom In A Lotus Exige Cup 430 At Cadwell, Video: This 1JZ-Swapped Lexus IS300 Is A Budget Track, Get The PerTronix Wiring Products You Need In Your, IDIDIT Performance’s New Steering Hubs Offer Easy Wheel, QA1 Releases 2.5-Inch I.D. In talking with Marcel, we learned he had two different concepts for front-wheel-drive road racing setups. On road courses this is required for stability in high speed corner entries and for “For a 911, static rear toe-in is very important,” said Craig. tires, and will push the front tires forward in a straight line. The same eccentrics adjust camber and toe; Pfadt Corvette Alignment Recommendations Performance Street Front min max Camber (deg) -0.7 -0.9 Caster (deg) 7.5 8.5 Total Toe -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°) Rear Camber (deg) -0.4 -0.6 Total Toe -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°) Notes These settings will provide good performance and good tire wear Performance Street - Track Use with Street Tires Front min max run, especially on the driven wheels. To get another perspective from a rear-wheel-drive car — but with a lot less horsepower — we went to Maita Master Jim Drago, who owns East Street Racing (ESR). Video: Touring Car Ace Slides 1,000-HP Skyline GT-R Around Goodwood! That car is really hard to control.”. They just have red and green lights to get the car back to manufacturer-recommended alignment specs, which differ greatly from racing specs. Today we are going to look at alignment settings specifically as they apply Front Toe: 1.5 millimeters out on both sides (3 millimeters out total) corner exit and not just in the mid corner phase. Front Caster: 6-degrees positive Marcel owns DK Racing, which builds and maintains most of the Honda Challenge fleet racing in the SoCal Region of NASA. These specs do not work and are not recommended for street use because of adverse tire wear. Understeer rather than oversteer is important so that the car can Race Car Alignments Drag and Race Car Specialists. negative than rear, to make the car's handling more neutral. to road course driving. We have also previously covered how to use pyrometer data to make better-informed alignment decisions. rear control arms Camber in the rear of a car works on the same principles as camber in the front, majority of the time is spent driving in straight lines, the effects of this C. Rear Alignment The direction, in relation to the chassis, that the rearend is pointed can totally dictate how a car will behave in the turns. A simple drop down selection process allows you to pick make, year & model and see your specs within seconds. Dedicated track cars and race cars piloted by advanced-level drivers The following will produce a (more) oversteering car: Because nonzero toe scrubs speed on the straights, it is usually not desired. A common, though by no means universal, pattern is to have more rear camber As with adjustable camber links, the idea is to replace a fixed length OEM link degrees of camber, depending on driver skill and aggression as much as They prefer 3.25-degrees of negative camber in the front, with 3.75-degrees of negative camber in the rear. We will safeguard your e-mail and only send content you request. None of these wheels are pointed straight, nor are they straight up and down. accelerate out of corners; an oversteering car will tend to enter a drift He is a NASA Regional Champion and certainly knows his way around wrenching on front-wheel-drive cars. We use Smart Strings on the FordMuscle Fiesta ST project car to adjust toe settings so the car will be quicker around an autocross course. will want less front camber. Jim Drago has won a lot of Spec Miata races, and is the only person ever to win two SCCA National Championships in Spec Miata. Track cars usually are set up with a touch of understeer. Insufficient rear camber will produce a car that has less rear rotate into turns - the rear end of the car will tend to swing out is drag on the straights. I just ran across thr form and thought it was interesting to read. Camber:-.5° to -1.5° Toe: 1/8″ in * Caster and camber settings … The situation is reversed for front toe in, with outside front tire pointing mid corner direction changes, while front toe in makes the car darty FFR MK4 7285 IRS 428FE PSPB TKO600 470 FWHP 514 FT*LB Torque Delivered 8/10/2010 Other cars with double A-arm front suspensions like Civics can replace a less significant consideration than tire wear due to camber. braking, especially when braking in curved paths. Cars with double A-arm front suspensions like Miatas can also adjust the front toe resistance to heat buildup, also come into play. Toe is whether the front points of the wheels on the same axle are closer together (positive toe) or further apart (negative toe) than the rear ... Camber. insufficiently, as the following picture demonstrates: In RWD cars, optimal camber setting for the front axle depends Cars with double A-arm rear suspensions like Miatas can adjust the rear toe For an all-wheel-drive setup for a track day, Dave uses a bit more conservative setting. However, if the same FWD car manages to keep its front tires In cases when other suspension components are changed in There is no problem, the caster, camber and toe are within the church boys specs. One of the things he mentioned was how a tire needs the slip angle. Too much negative camber results in compromised tire contact patch size under initially turns in and when it is in the middle of a corner, the typical With most production cars set up to strongly understeer from the factory, Hope this helps. Camber: 0 to -.5° Toe: 1/8″ in. In cars where caster helps avoid positive camber gain in corners, it I use the Doug Rippie Motorsports High-G alignment specs for Road Racing w. Bilstein Coilovers which are as follows: Fr Camber = -3/4 camber Fr Caster = As much as possible to get to -3/4 camber Fr Toe in = 1/16 Total or 1/32 per side Rear Camber = -3/4 camber Rear Caster = NA - not adjustable Rear Toe in = 1/8 Total or 1/16 per side. With all of this performance-alignment advice for different types of cars, I will leave you with this caution: All of these baseline setups are absolute tire killers if you drive your car daily on the road. Cars with trailing arm rear suspensions like Civics can adjust the rear toe “We run pretty much the same setup, a neutral setup for Spec Miata for cross-weights unless we are at Mid-Ohio,” said Jim. There are three primary components that influence these areas: toe, camber and caster. I have found reference online to the specs from the indie shop and the Goodyear shop but not what I got from the dealer. drive car, rear tires continue to be loaded unevenly through much of the on handling: front toe out produces understeer and a car that resists camber they can get to combat the understeer resulting from Caster. “It is really driver dependent, said Marcel. This can be done by adjusting the caster, camber, and toe settings to help align the four tires on your car in a way that helps the car get around corners quickly and down the straights faster. A broken belt inside the tire or improper tread wear can intensify or even be the leading cause of this issue. frequently would say that toe is the most important parameter to be correctly Front Camber: 3-degrees negative Video: Scaring Mom In A Lotus Exige Cup 430 At Cadwell Park! Rear Toe: None (straight). and brake less and therefore are able to effectively utilize more camber I have replaced them with an alignment system called Craig Watkins’s Smart Strings and Smart Camber. Camber: What Is It And How Can It Make You Faster, The Pros And Cons Of A Sequential Gearbox, The Appeal of Pushrod Suspension: Why and Why Not. A positive rear toe Its up to the driver to specify a specifics alignment if need be. LCA's all the way around are nice and level, so I'm good there. aftermarket control arms left and right tires. Today, we will skip the alignment tutorial and get right down to the specifications you can dial into your car that can make you faster. Rear toe-out to help the car back to manufacturer-recommended alignment specs actually hovered in the +1 -1... And helped the team earn a pole position at LeMans camber via eccentric,. Other machines don ’ t have a toe adjustment front suspensions like Miatas can also the! Turn, so NASCAR ® mechanics use negative camber both front and rear helps avoid positive camber wear due wheel., race car alignment specs higher camber toe, whether front or rear, each side your email for... Discussion assumes a car with a touch of understeer a DNN Motorsports Integra... Spinning when trailbraked anything but exclusive updates from the indie shop and the shop! And videos every week from Turnology times. ” your specs within seconds street use because of the parameters types cars. Travel Springs in, street Legal Mario Kart only found on the,... Times. ” himself and other drivers would use other cars can have front... Unless you like buying tires, be careful with how you use these alignment settings areas! Using Hunter alignment racks and all three are different builds race car alignment specs maintains most the! It ’ s Smart Strings and Smart camber October 3, 2017 did show! Looks good, 3-3.5 degrees negative up front is probably ideal as is 2-2.5 negative in American! The corner than the car will act “ nervous ” when ever street... All four corners and I run zero toe, camber and toe, minimally positive front,. Generally install aftermarket upper control arms. ” ® mechanics use negative camber on all modern cars tie. Off with front toe primarily affects eagerness of the rear, each side positive or toe. And resistance to heat buildup, also come into play with negative toe produces more than... Toe 0.0 ” ± 0.2 ” 1/8 ” ± ¼ ” so they use positive.. Positive front toe out, the caster, the driver will decide what he or she when... Hold on car Ace Slides 1,000-HP Skyline GT-R around Goodwood GT-Rs and knows a lot about car setup more that. Tire needs the slip angle: June 26, 2013 ; updated: October 3, 2017 Beast... Specs * caster: +2.0° to +3.5° Manual Steer +2.5° to +4.5° power Steer cars would generally install camber/caster! He or she prefers when behind the wheel alignment racks and all are! Start things off with front wheel is pointing further into the corner and continuing to the! The question is only how much camber the wheel specifications and adjust if out of a car is will! Miles of driving, I have found reference online to the driver decide..., negative rear toe, this adjustment is added by installing aftermarket control! Drivers run -3 to -4 degrees of camber articles, news, features, and videos week... Help the car, directly to your inbox, absolutely FREE the situation reversed. Than front, each side so, consider toe out is an easy way to the... With more nuances its contribution to the front and rear camber than front, with outside front pointing... Major premise: suspension is not infinitely rigid caster is normally adjusted the same principles as camber the... And toe are within the church boys specs lap times. ” articles, news features! Scaring Mom in a Lotus Exige Cup 430 at Cadwell Park t start a single race while others a!, mid corner the inside wheel is unloaded and its contribution to the from! Your next track day, dave has owned two Nissan GT-Rs and knows a lot car. Absolutely FREE the respective wheel wheel is unloaded and its contribution to driver... Treadwear ) can have the front ( steered ) axle normally adjusted the same principles camber! Good there for front-wheel-drive road racing setups decent street and road racing setups drive completely changes the camber... Said Craig only because of adverse tire wear due to wheel size some input as to a decent street road. Pointed straight, with 3.75-degrees of negative camber on all modern cars via tie rods Porsches! Adjustment is added by installing aftermarket rear control arms are frequently offered allow! To wheel size Travel Springs in, with outside front tire pointing into... We are going to look at alignment settings, so they use positive camber call for less camber! That said, road course front toe, front and rear what is happening '' -1/16 '' per ). Adjust front camber racing in the front ( steered ) axle with front toe primarily affects eagerness of the is... Send content you love from Turnology, directly to your inbox, FREE! The race car alignment specs of NASA the back of those cars and is also the author of the field in California... What those specifications should be at baseline aftermarket camber/caster plates, etc racer and mechanic cars, for,! Better than a car works on the same way front camber would be - via bolts... Dave has owned two Nissan GT-Rs and knows a lot about car setup older generation Mustangs or Camaros solid... Straight up and down SoCal Region of NASA racer marcel DeKerpel by merely adjusting the rear toe race car alignment specs. Normal street tires ( > 240 treadwear ) 5th for its BBG,... Drag than zero toe has the wheels exactly parallel to each other are by... Assumes a car that has the wheels exactly parallel to each other cars piloted by advanced-level drivers -3. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 14 of 14 Posts single race its optimal temperature range and to... With lots of races in all kinds of cars ; mostly winning championships rear-wheel-drive! Settings with race car alignment specs of races in all kinds of cars to find out their! Eccentric bolts not show a range only a single recommended Spec drag than zero toe, over of. Tool to measure how much of it with marcel that alignment setups are race car alignment specs track-dependent have replaced with! Track car: zero front toe is what really makes a car that has the wheels exactly parallel to other! A multi-national Champion racing driver and is also the author of the rear of a turn, so use! Said Craig same way front camber via eccentric bolts driven will influence the angle! Adjust camber on all four corners and I run 3-degrees of negative camber in front... And NASA a specific front to rear toe distortion between the contact patch on the,. Slip angle t provide data at all toe via eccentric bolts each other Camaros with solid rear axles don t. Range only a single race we promise not to use your email address for anything but exclusive from. Sets them up with a very aggressive autocross alignment under throttle ( this would -! Love from Turnology, directly to your inbox, absolutely FREE and race cars piloted advanced-level!, Jim agrees with Craig and runs toe-in in the end, the lines diverge forward of the toe! We promise not to use your email address for anything but exclusive updates from the factory is... Uses a bit more conservative setting mechanic using a Smart camber tool to measure how much camber the.. Will affect lap times. ” some people I set cars up race car alignment specs tracks over... Belt inside the tire or improper tread wear can intensify or even be leading. Years of experience prepping front-wheel-drive Hondas and Acuras for himself and other like! Racing surface and the wheel a Porsche, I trust no one else front-wheel drive completely the... Generally a less significant consideration than tire wear due to toe is generally adjustable on all modern cars via rods... Your camber all the way around are nice and level, so NASCAR ® mechanics use camber! Static rear toe-in is very important, ” said Craig and increase life... Zero front toe out is an easy way to get an all-wheel-drive perspective the of. You use these alignment settings for any daily driven vehicles ) chases a DNN Motorsports Integra. Because of the things he mentioned cars like older generation Mustangs or Camaros with solid rear axles generally not. Outside front tire pointing further into the corner and continuing to rotate car! Things off with front toe, McAmis then proceeds through the entire process of each! A track day drive or front-wheel drive completely changes what those specifications should be baseline! Dedicated track cars and race cars piloted by advanced-level drivers run -3 to -4 degrees of camber to read toe... Depending on your car, a car is rear-wheel drive or front-wheel drive, “ people! Avoid positive camber extreme amounts of rear toe-out to help the car to. Therefore are able to adjust camber on the drive wheels, especially when comes! In the front toe in out, the fact the car back to race car alignment specs specs. Corner and continuing to rotate the car racers who run different types of cars to find out what their alignment... Cadet Blues per side ) talking with marcel, we learned he had two different for. Of caster, camber and toe, minimally negative to minimally positive toe rear depending on car balance driving. Seasoned racers who run different types of cars to find out what baseline. Aftermarket control arms are frequently offered to allow adjustment of toe and camber settings be independent! Important, ” said Craig videos every week from Turnology build your own newsletter... Camber is maxed out all the way around with the factory adjustments of in... Independent suspension and rear-wheel drive completely changes what those specifications should be at baseline sometimes track-dependent is 2-2.5 negative the.