The National Employability Report of Engineering Graduates, 2014,[157] puts graduates from Bihar in the top 25 percent of the country, and rates Bihar as one of the three top states at producing engineering graduates in terms of quality and employability. Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan, from Dumraon, Bihar. [82] It also legislated a two-hour lunch break on Fridays, to enable Muslim employees to pray and thereby reduce absenteeism. The major empires of India rose to great heights here and they succumbed here as well. This school of painting formed the basis for the formation of the Patna Art School under the leadership of Shri Radha Mohan. The Central University of Bihar (CUB) is one of the sixteen central universities newly established by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009). [16] From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. Bihar Yoga Bharti was founded by Swami Satyananda’s disciple Swami Niranjanananda Saraswati in 1994. [9] According to the 2011 census, 82.7% of Bihar's population practised Hinduism, while 16.9% followed Islam.[65][66]. Research indicates that Bihar relies on privatised hospitals to provide healthcare to the masses, with the second-highest ratio among Indian states for private to public spending and high levels of corruption. – discuss], Prior to prohibition, Bihar emerged as a brewery hub with numerous production units. [159][160][161], NIT Patna is the second oldest engineering college of India. Where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons! Other tributaries are the Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu. [130], The famous Jain temple Jal Mandir at Pawapuri, Sita Kund at Sitamarhi, Mithila, Bihar is believed to be the birthplace of Hindu Goddess Sita[131], Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published in Bihar. Tourists also come in large numbers to the Mahabodhi temple and Bodh Gaya. Image:, During the Vedic period, Bihar was the center of trade and economy. [86], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other Indian states. Other species in Bihar include leopard, bear, hyena, bison, chital and barking deer. [136] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time, and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figure of that time. Hindi is the official language of the state. 5–33, Tripathy, Ratnakar (2007) 'BHOJPURI CINEMA', South Asian Popular Culture, 5:2, 145–165, sand­wich­ing of text between two im­ages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, 2008 attacks on North Indians in Maharashtra, Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India, List of educational institutions in Bihar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa, All India Council for Technical Education, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna, National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007, Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, "Senior BJP Leader Phagu Chauhan Appointed Governor of Bihar, to Take Over From Lal Ji Tandon", "Bihar Government Formation Live Update: Nitish Kumar takes oath as CM; Tarkishore Prasad and Renu Devi as Deputy CMs", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "At 11.3%, it has the lowest urban population among big states and the second lowest if one counts the small mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh (10%). 1900; now known as National Institute of Technology, Patna), Prince of Wales Medical College (est. An ancient metropolis, the capital of the Republic of the Vaishali state and the capital of the Vajjian Confederacy (Vijji), Vaishali is prominently mentioned in Jain and Buddhist texts which emerged later. – discuss], Government colleges are located at Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Motihari, Nalanda, and Saran (Chhapra). It was said that the Nalanda library was set on fire by the army of BakhtiyarKhilji. 21. In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. [143] Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est. In 2016, the government of Bihar has accepted the proposal of the forest authorities to turn the place into a Crocodile Conservation Reserve (CCR). Some historians believe that thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred during the 12th century. Image:, The first Prime Minister of Mauritius, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam hailed from Bihar. Bihar Is … It has three constituent colleges namely, Bihar Veterinary College, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology (Patna) and College of Fisheries, Kishanganj. [127] The industry produces over one hundred films per year. Bihar, state of eastern India. [94] According to Ministry of Health statistics, the greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75%. There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. [120] [43][44][45][46] D. N. Jha suggests, instead, that these incidents were the result of Buddhist–Brahmin skirmishes in a fight for supremacy. [free translation of Hindi text]. 550 CE) and Vikramashila (est. By sectors, its composition is 22% agriculture, 5% industry and 73% services. [170], Above: a village market. The total length of the glass bridge in Bihar is 85-feet and it is 6-feet wide, and it is situated at a height of 250-feet. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. His Super 30 program prepares economically backward students for IIT-JEE, the entrance examination for the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Bihar-sharif is famous for its delicios food.Such as Revri,Tilkut,Anersa and Khaja.First three items are made of til (an oil seed)and last one made by maida.While Revari is available through all seasons, but Anersa and Tilkut are available only seasonaly,usually Anersa in the rauny season and Tilkut in … As of 2014,[update] there are two main political formations: the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which comprises Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP, Indian People's Party), Lok Janashakti Party (LJP) and Janata Dal (United) (JDU); and a second alliance between Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD, National People's Party), Hindustani Awam Morcha, Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and Indian National Congress (INC). 25. True to its name and its rich cultural heritage, the state houses various monasteries and it is famous for monuments belonging to various religions. The most important Buddhist pilgrimage place in the world is Bodhgaya, where the Buddha became enlightened while meditating under a bodhi tree. [119] An eighth state engineering college began construction in December 2013 at Begusarai,[146][147] while two others are planned at Madhepura and Sitamarhi. Its capital is Patna. The hill of Gridhrakuta in Rajgir is perhaps the most important place related to the life of Buddha, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. It is the fourth largest producer of vegetables and the eight largest producers of fruits in India. [49] Image:, Vatsayana a great philosopher and author of the famous book ‘Kamasutra’ was from Bihar as well. Further developments have taken place in the growth of small industries, improvements in IT infrastructure, a software park in Patna, Darbhanga, Bhagalpur,[107] and the completion of the expressway from the Purvanchal border through Bihar to Jharkhand. Ever heard of the famous Nalanda university that is located in the capital city of Patna. [115][116], During the 19th century, many Biharis emigrated as indentured labourers to the West Indies, Fiji, and Mauritius. Bihar is also the land of prominent political figures like- Jai Prakash Narayan, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar, etc. The political party or coalition of political parties having a majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the government. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna was established in 2012. The university is temporarily located on the premises of the Birla Institute of Technology, Patna. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar, having seasonal flights to countries like Thailand, Bhutan, and Myanmar. In March 2019, the government of Bihar has sent a proposal to centre Government to upgrade Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital into an AIIMS-like institution. Bihar, a popular state in India is stuffed with plenty of tourist attractions which can be experienced via a number of wholesome Bihar Tour Packages.Apart from Patna, which is the capital city here, there are many appealing and spiritual places that are seated in Bihar. [18] Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom. It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna). [144] Bihar is striving to increase female literacy, now at 53.3%. It is one of the larger cities of Bihar & is known all over East India for its highly strategic railway junction. Countries such as Japan, Korea, and China have also taken initiatives. [33][34] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. [169] The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur, was established in 2017. [163][needs update]. Biharis are the backbone of India's administration. Image:, Aryabhatta who gave zero number to the world, the nine planets theory, and trigonometric rules was from Bihar. For the administration of urban areas, Bihar has 12 municipal corporations, 49 nagar parishads(city councils), and 80 nagar panchayats (town councils). [104], Hajipur, Dalmianagar and Barauni are the major industrial cities in Bihar[105] The capital city, Patna, is one of the better-off cities in India when measured by per capita income.[relevant? It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south. Jagannath Sarkar, "Many Streams" Selected Essays by Jagannath Sarkar and Reminiscing Sketches" Compiled by Gautam Sarkar Edited by Mitali Sarkar, First Published May 2010, Navakarnataka Publications Private Limited, Bangalore. The first Maithili movie was Kanyadan released in 1965. Valmiki National Park covers about 800 km2 (309 sq mi) of forest and is the 18th Tiger Reserve of India, ranked fourth in terms of density of tiger population. [11] Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. It is believed that the last and most famous Jain Tirthankara, Mahavira spent 14 … These arguments often rely on references to historical or current famous people and places from Bihar. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) had success at the box office. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period, when it served as a conduit for overseas trade. He declared war and conquered the Vajji. Almost every district has a DM or SP from Bihar. Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, during which many of the viharas were destroyed along with the universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. Find what to do today, this weekend or in January. It will be the first glass in Bihar and the second in the country," he said. In 2007, NIT Patna was granted Institute of National Importance status, in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. MS Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now, in Jharkhand) and is considered India’s most successful Cricket Captain; so far. [100] Bihar's per capita income went up by 40.6% in FY 2014–15. [167] In 2014 the government of Bihar established Development Management Institute in Bihta near the Patna. Rajendra Prasad – was the first President of India who was born in Ziradei, Siwan district of Bihar. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. Vaishali is also the birthplace of Lord Mahavir. [26] Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure,[27] better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption. Their art shared the characteristics of the Mughal painters, expanded subject matter from court scenes to bazaar scenes, daily life and ceremonies. Home to India’s Most Celebrated Mathematician! [23] The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. [4] Almost 58% of Bihar's population was below 25 years age, which is the highest in India. [60] It has a diverse landscape and biodiversity in addition to sheltering the protected carnivores. Crocodiles (including muggers) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the river systems. [102], Among the states of India, Bihar is the fourth-largest producer of vegetables and the eighth-largest producer of fruits. There are several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar. The overall annual intake of students of these technical institutes in Bihar is only 6,200. Bihar Has Led To Be The Most Important State Of India. One is Mithila painting, a style used in the Mithila region of Bihar. [158] As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. Area and the 3rd largest by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with summers! Media hub is also done on walls during festivals, religious events, births,,... 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